We all love the great outdoors. But as many of you know that enjoy the outdoors on a regular basis anything can happen. Here is a handy acronym to remind you of the steps to take when you are in an emergency: R.A.C.E.:   React, Activate, Care, Evacuate React:  Run, hide or fight… you must get yourself and others to safety. There’s been an emergency and the first thing to do is to take action and react. Making a plan can help with your ability to react. Activate:  Call 911 or applicable emergency number! Communicate with others involved. Help can’t start until you call! As soon as you realise that you have an emergency situation make sure that you get first responders to your position as quickly as possible. Care:   C.A.R.E. for the injured Control bleeding with direct pressure or a tourniquet Airway improvement with recovery position Respirations improve by covering open chest wounds Exposure to elements causes loss of heat In C.A.R.E. we control bleeding, assess the airway, we check respirations and then we prevent exposure. There’s a specific order that we want these things done, and that order’s based on how common injuries happen and the order in which it would kill somebody. Evacuate:   Evacuate to rescue. Use alternative routes and pre planned destinations. The final step is getting the victim or the injured person to 911, or get 911 to the victim or meet in the middle somewhere. You will have to decide what the injured person’s capabilities are and coordinate this with the emergency services plan. Now, let’s go over a simulated scenario below so you ca see it in action. React: Two boys are out for a hike. One of them falls down the embankment and is quickly found and pulled up to a safer area by the other.  The victim has sustained a rather nasty cut on his lower leg. (R – The hiking partner Reacted and took quick action by immediately dragging the victim to safety.)
Activate: The hiking partner verbalizes to their other friend on the hike to call 911. (A – Hiking partner has communicated to someone to Activate emergency services)
Care: Fortune favours the prepared. The hiking partner came prepared and packed a portable tourniquet. He has used it at the top of the femoral artery and twists it tightly until the bleeding stops. (C – The hiking partner goes through the C.A.R.E. method to ensure there’s no other places of injury or concern.)
Evacuate: Lastly, based on a thorough assessment of the injuries, decide if the victim is able to safely evacuate the area. Or if they should wait for help.
That wraps up the R.A.C.E. system. I highly suggest you print this out and place it in your bug out bag, or with your survival gear. This may just save yours, or someone else’s life. Until next time. Always remember… Fortune Favours the Prepared!

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